Significance and role of medical anatomic models in surgical clinical teaching
Medical anatomic models refer to an educational method that makes full use of medical simulation technology to create simulated clinical simulation scenes and simulated patients, instead of real patients for clinical teaching and practice. Medical anatomic models include five stages or types: basic human anatomical models, partial human functional models, computer-aided models, virtual training system models, and physiological drive models (or full-scale simulation system models). Standardized patient (SP) teaching also belongs to the category of medical simulation teaching, but it is a relatively special model form.
First, medical anatomic models are convenient for students to perform repeated practical operations to improve their operational capabilities. Through medical anatomic models simulation teaching, students can perform repeated experiments on some operations, which can effectively solve the problem that students think there are few opportunities for practice, and at the same time, it can also break the limitations of time and space in the actual repeated operations. , Students can carry out simulation training anytime, anywhere, so that students can deepen their memory of the operation process and operation precautions, so that students can directly use theory to guide practice when they actually practice medical activities in the future.
Second, medical anatomic models can timely check for omissions and make up for the deficiencies in medical theory teaching. In the process of simulation experiments, students can understand their knowledge of their knowledge in a timely manner, conduct timely inspections and fill vacancies, and at the same time effectively reduce the serious consequences caused by real improper operation, and can improve students' interest and enthusiasm for clinical medicine learning. Repeated operation and real experimentation will improve students' ability to master clinical knowledge, and then lay a solid knowledge and practical foundation for real medical operation in the future.
Third, medical anatomic models can improve students' practical ability, and effectively solve the disadvantage of "emphasis on theory and neglect of practice". Because the teaching of medical anatomic models has the special advantages of safety, controllability and repeatability, this solves the embarrassing situation of patients' unwillingness to cooperate in practice, and plays an important role in promoting the development of medical clinical teaching. Improve the level and efficiency of surgical clinical skills teaching, and then train more excellent surgical doctors.